- Research studies suggest that success in MHC can be defined and measured in a multitude of ways, and varies considerably across study.
- Meta-analytic studies generally suggest that participants that successfully graduate from MHC are at a moderately decreased risk for future recidivism and re-arrest, although research remains limited.
- Evaluating the effectiveness of MHCs from a scientific perspective is very challenging due to significant idiosyncrasies between courts, relatively weak methodological designs, as well as macro influences that are difficult to quantify and standardize. Very few studies use random matched comparison groups, and expected base rate of recidivism against which program effectiveness can be judged often remains unknown.
- Future research is moving towards the investigation of mediators and moderators, and asking the important question, “For whom, and under what circumstances, are MHCs effective?”
Mental Health Court